Chào mọi người, đây là bài Essay mẫu của một thành viên CLB tiếng Anh. Bài này bạn ấy đã dành được giải gì đó mình quên rồi. Nhưng được thưởng đến 49.000.000 VNĐ lận. Bạn ấy chia sẽ cho mình, mình úp lên bạn tham khảo nha. Mình cũng không quên cảm ơn bạn Nguyễn Phước Thiên Thạch.
Name: Nguyễn Phước Thiên Thạch
Topic: Strategies and challenges for implementing sufficient economy for sustainable development in Viet Nam.
Viet Nam’s Sustainable Development Economy Overview
The world’s perception of sustainable development has reached a consensus and the goals of realizing sustainable development have become the world’s millennium goals. Sustainable development economy is not only about the quality of the product but also the development of social, education, and the ecological balance. Sustainable development represents a common trend along which the entire humankind is endeavoring. It is also an important strategic goal of the country and is determined to attain.
Vietnam has made substantial progress in the overall development of the country since the launch of its DoeMoil (Renovation) economic policy. Living standards have risen, poverty decreased, , labor force increased, and foreign investment has expanded. It is one of the few countries expected to meet most of its UN Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The country recently reached its long-pursued goal of becoming a lower-middle income country and plans to reach industrialized status by 2020.
Assessment of achievements and shortcomings of the last 20 years’ implementation of sustainable development is necessary, not only to Viet Nam but to other countries in the world as well in order to take stock of the results and lessons of experience so far gained, identify opportunities and challenges, and map out orientations and solutions for continued successful implementation of sustainable development objectives. Motivated by new understanding, new resolve and new ways of operation, Viet Nam is convinced that sustainable development is an inevitable path and will be vividly and effectively realized in Viet Nam’s process of development and integration.
Challenges and Opportunities for implementing sufficient economy for sustainable development
One of the biggest challenges Vietnamese people are facing now is our education. The development of education and economy go together. The more educated people are, the more development in economy. The poor and the disadvantaged children in Viet Nam are uneducated. Our education system was in “crisis”, and that it lagged far behind the systems of Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines, to say nothing of those in China, Taiwan and South Korea. Also there was a vast difference between what graduates had learned and what prospective employers wanted them to know. It means Vietnamese people only good at theory not reality. The rate of unemployed bachelor very high, 160.000 bachelors and masters jobless in 2014. However the education problems are now focused more by the Vietnamese government. Vietnamese governmentinvested more in study and started some projects that help Vietnamese peopleincrease their income. With the large numbers of bachelors and masters, Viet Nam now doing the labor export to many developed countries.
On the other side, Viet Nam is facing are environmental pollution and abuse of its natural resources.Vietnam is destroying its natural capital, its largest single asset, above and beyond any physical, human and intellectual capital. In the past 50 years, Vietnam’s natural forest cover has shrunk from 43% to 29% of land area, there is an acute shortage of arable land, and habitat loss has led to a rise in the number of threatened species. Raw minerals extraction is rampant and inefficient. The water and air quality are getting worse. Just in Ho Chi Minh City, 60% of the motorbikes do not meet smoke standards and some 80% of the industrial smoke is still untreated. Another research told that only 6% of wastewater in cities countrywide runs into sewage treatment plants.
“The challenge is how we are able to drive the economy in an intensive and sustainable manner through application of advanced technology that help improve productivity, resource efficiency, environmental quality and development of renewable energy.” Said Minister of Planning and Investment and Standing Deputy Chairman of Vietnam National Sustainable Development Council, Vo Hong Phuc.
Viet Nam’s strategies for implementing sufficient economy for sustainable development
The concept of sustainable development came from growing environmental awareness and was inevitable. Thinking about sustainable development began with an awareness of the importance of environmental protection and subsequently followed a growing need to address issues of social instability.
The country remains committed to its economic targets and development. It recently reached its long cherished goal of becoming a lower middle income country.The heart of its next Socio-Economic Development Plan 2010–2015 will be to support its next target of developed country status by 2020. By 2020, GDP per capita is expected to reach about US$3200 and real incomes about three-and-a-half times higher than at present.Reaching developed country status, however, will not be an easy path. Resources are limited, overused, and unable to meet the growing demand. For example, power shortages are becoming more frequent, longer, and a greater concern to foreign and domestic businesses. Weather, weak investment, poor infrastructure, and low electricity prices are among the reasons given; however, ultimately, it is unlikely to be resolved soon. Do Huu Hao, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, admits, “We will always be short of electricity from now through 2020 — not just this year or the next couple of years. We have to pursue rapid economic growth while resources are limited” (Hicky, 2008).The 5 year plan for 2006–2010 calls for “high quality and sustainable economic and human development.” The upcoming Socio-Economic Development Plan for 2011–2020 will echo similar themes.
Sustainable development is an iterative process, rather than an end state. Comprehensivepolicies, regulations, and resources at the national and local levels withbroad departmental and stakeholder support are essential toward its successfulimplementation.
For further sustainable development, Viet Nam needs to save the environment and take advantage in the education. Focusing on the needs of global market and changing the education system are the important issue Viet Nam facing now.
The youth of Vietnamese nowadays need to realized the situation and focus on the advantages. Trying to reach the global standard and improving the abilities are the requirement of the youth of Viet Nam now.